B.2 Character Class Tests: <ctype.h>

The header <ctype.h> declares functions for testing characters. For each function, the argument list is an int, whose value must be EOF or representable as an unsigned char, and the return value is an int. The functions return non-zero (true) if the argument c satisfies the condition described, and zero if not.

isalnum(c)      isalpha(c) or isdigit(c) is true
isalpha(c)      isupper(c) or islower(c) is true
iscntrl(c)      control character
isdigit(c)      decimal digit
isgraph(c)      printing character except space
islower(c)      lower-case letter
isprint(c)      printing character including space
ispunct(c)      printing character except space or letter or digit
isspace(c)      space, formfeed, newline, carriage return, tab, vertical tab
isupper(c)      upper-case letter
isxdigit(c)     hexadecimal digit

In the seven-bit ASCII character set, the printing characters are 0x20 (' ') to 0x7E ('-'); the control characters are 0 NUL to 0x1F (US), and 0x7F (DEL).

In addition, there are two functions that convert the case of letters:

int tolower(c)  convert c to lower case
int toupper(c)  convert c to upper case

If c is an upper-case letter, tolower(c) returns the corresponding lower-case letter, toupper(c) returns the corresponding upper-case letter; otherwise it returns c.

TCPL/B.02_Character_Class_Tests:_<ctype.h> (last edited 2008-02-23 15:35:17 by localhost)

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